Skip to main content

Critical thinking: Reflective Practice

guidance on critical thinking for researchers

Critical Reflection

Critical reflection allows us to synthesise different perspectives (whether from other people or literature) to help explain, justify or challenge what we have encountered in our own or other people’s experience. It may be that theory or literature gives us an alternative perspective that we should consider, it may provide evidence to support our views or way of working or it may explicitly challenge them. Critical reflection also allows us to analyse what we have learned and how we have learned to enable us to take control of our own learning and development. The model below is just one example of reflective practice.

Gibb’s reflective cycle (Adapted from Dye, 2011)


With thanks to:

The Open University (2016) Learning to teach: becoming a reflective practitioner. Available at: