Skip to main content

School of Applied Sciences: Referencing

Subject specific resources and services.

Reference Managers

Reference management is the act of organising references and generating reference lists or bibliographies in a variety of styles e.g. for a thesis, or for journal or book publishing. Many researchers now use software to do this – this can store both the reference and the PDF of the paper you are reading. You can learn more  from our Guide to Reference Management.

Mandeley logo Endnote logo

School of Applied Sciences Guidelines

Top Tips for Referencing

Styles versus Standards

"Harvard" and "Vancouver" are referencing styles. They come in many variations and iterations. Standards are authoritative guides to referencing. APA 6th, OSCOLA, and MLA for example, are all referencing standards.

Check Which One

There is no one style or standard used by the School of Applied Sciences. It is your responsibility to check with your Module or Programme Leaders and confirm which referencing style they would like you to use in your assessments.

Be Consistent

One of the most important rules to remember. Ensure you apply the same formatting throughout your assessment. 


Referencing takes time. Make sure to allow yourself enough time at the end of writing your assessment to go over your work.

Get Organised

Keep accurate records of what you are reading and plan to cite in your assessment.

Use a Reference Manager

For longer essays and dissertations, save yourself stress and time by using a reference manager.